SOS Feeding therapy

It is estimated that from 25-45% of children with normal psychomotor development have feeding problems, and this rises to 85% in children with developmental disorders (such as autism).

The causes of feeding disorders can be either 1) organic (when caused by an underlying organic disease such as gastroesophageal reflux, swallowing disorders, respiratory disease, congenital anomalies, inflammatory bowel disease, food allergy or 2) functional when due to dysfunctional behaviours such as post-traumatic experience (the child has undergone a traumatic experience in the oral cavity such as force-feeding, choking episodes, placement of a nasogastric tube).

Motivation & Movement

Red flags for feeding problems:

N

poor weight gain or the child losing weight for no reason

N

The child chokes or coughs during meals

N

Problems with vomiting while trying to eat or drink

N

A traumatic choking incident

N

Difficulty transitioning to pureed food by 10 months old

N

Difficulty managing solid foods by 12 months old

N

The child avoids certain food textures

N

The child eats less than 20 foods by age 2 (poor repertoire)

N

The child cries or gets upset during meals

N

Meals are aconstant 'battle'

N

History of feeding and breathing coordination problems with respiratory problems

N

Parents describe the child as "a picky eater"

N

Parents repeatedly describe the child asbeing difficult to feed

Motivation & Movement

The sos approach to feeding therapy is a treatment of these feeding disorders in children and aims at the systematic desensitization and gradual education of the child and development of the skills a child needs in order to eat.